If we think about how to properly organize educational work at home, we will notice that this task is twofold. On the one hand, you need to help the child find the right work schedule, allocate a place for classes, determine the best order for preparing lessons; and, on the other hand, to cultivate in him a persistent habit of sitting down for lessons despite the desire to play or take a walk, to form the ability to quickly get involved in work, to conduct it without distraction, and at a good pace.
Once a conversation arose among the parents: “My Petya has been sitting for lessons for 3 - 4 hours. So diligent, so hardworking. If only this diligence had survived until the 10th grade ”.
Taking advantage of Petya's mother's invitation, the teacher watched Petya teach lessons.
Petya took the workplace. Sitting at the table means working ... But no, it turns out. Here somewhere a compass and a pencil had disappeared, it was immediately discovered that there was no necessary entry in the diary, and you need to find out from a friend what was asked in mathematics, and the textbook itself was not in place. And the minutes are running ...
But now everything was found, specified, prepared, the boy went deep into work ... Suddenly he wanted to drink water, and after another minute it turned out that he needed paper for a draft ...
- It took more than 20 minutes to build, and more than two hours to prepare the lessons. Petya during this time:
- twice got up from the table and went to the kitchen to drink water;
- once got up and turned on the TV to find out if the cartoon program had started;
- twice, looking up from work, listened to the conversation of adults in the next room;
- once he took out an album with stamps from the table and leafed through it.
But now the work is over. Petya is aimlessly shifting textbooks and notebooks from place to place for another 10 minutes ...
So, it turned out that out of more than two hours spent by Petya, only 1 hour and 27 minutes were used effectively, as much as a 3rd grade student should be.
This pattern is often typical. Almost half of the junior schoolchildren spend more time preparing their homework than they should.
What advice can you give to parents if their child is unable to “sit” for lessons?
The daily routine plays an important role in the organization of schoolchildren's educational work. Special studies conducted in primary grades have shown that those who study well have a fixed time to prepare their lessons, and they adhere to it. The guys admitted that when the hour of preparing the lessons approaches, they lose interest in games, they don't want to walk anymore.
And, on the contrary, among the weak students there are many who do not have constantly allotted time for study. This is no coincidence. The cultivation of the habit of systematic work begins with the establishment of a firm regime of studies, without which success in study cannot be achieved. The daily routine should not change depending on the number of lessons, from the fact that an interesting film is shown on TV or guests come to the house.
The child should sit down for lessons not only at the same time, but also at a permanent workplace. If housing - the material conditions do not allow the student to provide a separate desk and bookshelf, all he still need to set aside some - that a permanent place, so that he can out there to keep their books and notebooks.
First of all, you need to pay attention to the environment in which the child does his homework. Stuffiness and noise reduce speed and efficiency by 3 times and accelerate fatigue by the same amount. So turn off the TV and try not to vacuum until homework is done. The opinion that assimilation goes easier with quiet classical music does not justify itself, silence is the best sound background for mental activity. The concentration of attention is best influenced by the temperature in the room. The optimum concentration is achieved at a temperature of 18-22o
Many children love to teach their homework in the kitchen while their mothers prepare dinner; simultaneously regulating the educational process. Cutlets squirt on the stove, the mixer beats eggs, the water makes noise in the overflowing sink. And my mother sighs: and into whom does she have such a child? And he is just tired and cannot concentrate on the task.
It is useful to draw up a memo "We sit down for lessons" together with the child . Starting by comparing his actions with the points of the memo, the student after a while will reach the point that all these actions will become familiar to him.
It is best to start doing your homework 1 hour or 1.5 hours after returning from school in order to have time to take a break from classes. If the child is busy with any other business (for example, attending circles, sections), then you can sit down later. But in any case, it cannot be postponed until the evening. If, nevertheless, they postponed a large task (which often happens with homework on history), then it is better to ask for help from the professionals https://essayassistant.org/history-homework-help/ , who will quickly help you cope with this task.
In what order should the lessons be taught? What tasks should you start with: oral or written, difficult or easy?
Ideally, the child should complete the lessons independently. It is best to teach him to independently determine the difficulties of the work performed and to decide for himself which subject to start with his homework.
If a student starts work immediately, it is advisable for him to do the most difficult lessons first and move on to easier ones. If he draws in slowly, then he should start with the lighter ones and only gradually move on to the difficult ones.
For the successful completion of the assignment, a clear rhythm of classes is required. For example, after 25 minutes of exercise, you should take a break of 5 to 10 minutes, during which you should do a few physical exercises.
Most importantly, be tactful and don't forget to praise your child!